Natural Resource Managment
Agriculture in Vidarbha is mostly rain-fed therefore; expected Kharif crop production could not be possible due to below average annual rainfall and even the erratic rainfall pattern since last 4-5 years. Consequently, cumulative effect of below average rainfall resulted in reduction of area under Rabbi Crops. Generally, rainy season exits in September but onward September erratic rainfall has always captured farmers in to trouble and the crops within arm’s reach are destroyed. This is the crucial factor that, the farmers are entirely stuck up in vicious circle of natural calamities
There are very small or medium irrigation project in the area therefore, very moderate area is under irrigation through canal and most of the irrigation is carried out through wells. The rainwater fallen on earth travels unchecked to small drains, drains to Nalas, Nalas to river and river to sea. If, this rain water is systematically harvested and stored by creating suitable structures, this could cater drinking water need and remaining can be used for irrigation purpose. Simultaneously, the wells nearby these structures will get recharged and more area could be brought under irrigation. Considering this fact, Rasikashraya has undertaken soil and water conservation measures for abundant water availability by creating rain water harvesting structures in rivulets with the cordial support of NAAM Foundation
De-siltation of reservoirs
In the last three years, sludge was removed from 16 lakes in 15 villages of Ghatanji, Kalamb, Ner and Yavatmal talukas of Yavatmal district. A total of 168269 cubic meters of silt has been removed from 16 percolation, irrigation and cattle ponds and dams and a total of 60096 tractor trips sludge has been dumped by 403 farmers in 729 acres of land. This will increase the water level in these lakes and dams by 165.5 TCM and also increase the water level of 263 wells and borewells in the area. Siltation in the field will increase the fertility of the farm and increase the yield. This work is coordinated by Ratsikashraya Ghatanji.
In Ghatanji and Yavatmal talukas, Mauja Lingapur and Dhanora villages, the youth of the area had demanded construction of Mati Nala. The work was approved in 2017 and 2018. A total of 11.1 TCM of water will be available for this and the water level of 15 wells, 12 borewells and 6 handpumps in the adjoining villages will definitely increase permanently. Funding for the machine was provided by the Department of Agriculture and World Vision Yavatmal.
Nalla Deepening and widening
In Ghatanji, Yavatmal, Kalamb, Arni talukas of Yavatmal district, Jodmoha, Ramnagar, Pardi, Raisa, Ratchandana, Savargaon, Murzadi Chinch, Mathani, Dabdi, in these 09 villages, a total of 17.3 km of nala deepening and widening. Has been worked on. Due to deepening and widening of this nala, 34 cement dams have been deepened which will benefit 162 farmers. 0.5 km near Nala. The water level of 116 wells in the distance will definitely increase due to this deepening. Also 688 acres of land has been helped for self protected irrigation. All this work has been done by Rasikashraya and also for the fuel of the machine by Caring Friends Mumbai, Sakal Paper Yavatmal, and World Vision Yavatmal.
A total of 122 acres were constructed in the fields of 16 farmers at Mauja Mandwa in Ghatanji taluka. This will help in increasing the fertility of the farm as the water in the field will remain in the field and the silt will not be carried away. Farmers have given 50% participation for this work